In recent years, agriculture has suffered several problems, which have led to a decline in agricultural production in the governorate of Raqqa. Irrigated agricultural land has also fade, and the price of agricultural crops has decreased compared to the rise in the rest of commercial and food commodities.
One of the most important irrigated crops in rural Raqqa is the cultivation of wheat, which is considered one of the most important strategic crops for the adoption of many food industries, the first of which is bread.
The agriculture sector was the focus of most of the world’s governments. The area of irrigated agricultural land, through pumps and engines in 2010, reached more than 160 thousand hectares. Production amounted to 607 thousand tons, and Raqqa ranked third in wheat production in Suri after Aleppo and Al-Hasakah. It is cultivated in early November and harvested in June.
In the past period during the rule of Daesh and victory, this production fell to less than half because of the high prices of fertilizers and sabotage of irrigation networks, high fuel prices for engines that irrigate the land, and low prices of crops compared to the cost of production.
It is worth mentioning that wheat cultivation accounts for more than half of the cultivated land in Raqqa, and has rebounded after declining fertilizer prices and the rehabilitation of irrigation systems under the rule of the democratic civil administration of the region.